SLUG silencing increases radiosensitivity of melanoma cells in vitro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Melanoma radioresistance has been attributed to the presence of tumor cells with highly efficient DNA damage repair mechanisms. We examined the expression of genes involved in DNA damage repair and DNA damage sensing, and assessed their modulation by SLUG silencing, which is potentially capable of increasing radiosensitivity. Methods: Two melanoma cell lines (M14 and M79) were used to evaluate in vitro radiation-induced cytotoxicity before and after SLUG silencing. mRNA expression levels of BRCA1, ERCC1, DNA-PK, PARP, MGMT, ATM and TGM2 were determined by real-time RT-PCR, and protein expression levels of SLUG, caspase 3, p21, PUMA and pMAPK by Western blotting. Results: The cytotoxic effect of radiation was high in M14 and low in M79 cells. SLUG silencing increased the interference of radiation on cell cycle distribution and cell killing by 60 % and 80 % in M79 cells after a 2.4 Gy and 5 Gy radiation dose, respectively. It also led to a significant inhibition of expression of genes involved in DNA damage repair and DNA damage sensing in all cell lines maintained after radiation. An almost total inhibition was observed for TGM2, which is expressed at a high basal level in the most radioresistant cell line (M79). Protein expression of PUMA was induced by radiation and was enhanced after SLUG silencing. Conclusions: Our results reveal a pivotal role of SLUG in regulating a cellular network involved in the response to DNA damage, and highlight the importance of TGM2 in radiosensitivity modulation. SLUG silencing appears to increase radiation sensitivity of the melanoma cells tested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-139
Number of pages9
JournalCellular Oncology
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

Fingerprint

Radiation Tolerance
DNA Damage
Melanoma
DNA Repair
Radiation
Cell Line
Gene Expression
Radiation Dosage
Radiation Effects
Caspase 3
In Vitro Techniques
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Cell Cycle
Proteins
Western Blotting
Messenger RNA
DNA
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • DNA repair
  • Melanoma
  • Radiation
  • SLUG gene
  • TGM2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology

Cite this

SLUG silencing increases radiosensitivity of melanoma cells in vitro. / Arienti, Chiara; Tesei, Anna; Carloni, Silvia; Ulivi, Paola; Romeo, Antonino; Ghigi, Giulia; Menghi, Enrico; Sarnelli, Anna; Parisi, Elisabetta; Silvestrini, Rosella; Zoli, Wainer.

In: Cellular Oncology, Vol. 36, No. 2, 04.2013, p. 131-139.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: Melanoma radioresistance has been attributed to the presence of tumor cells with highly efficient DNA damage repair mechanisms. We examined the expression of genes involved in DNA damage repair and DNA damage sensing, and assessed their modulation by SLUG silencing, which is potentially capable of increasing radiosensitivity. Methods: Two melanoma cell lines (M14 and M79) were used to evaluate in vitro radiation-induced cytotoxicity before and after SLUG silencing. mRNA expression levels of BRCA1, ERCC1, DNA-PK, PARP, MGMT, ATM and TGM2 were determined by real-time RT-PCR, and protein expression levels of SLUG, caspase 3, p21, PUMA and pMAPK by Western blotting. Results: The cytotoxic effect of radiation was high in M14 and low in M79 cells. SLUG silencing increased the interference of radiation on cell cycle distribution and cell killing by 60 {\%} and 80 {\%} in M79 cells after a 2.4 Gy and 5 Gy radiation dose, respectively. It also led to a significant inhibition of expression of genes involved in DNA damage repair and DNA damage sensing in all cell lines maintained after radiation. An almost total inhibition was observed for TGM2, which is expressed at a high basal level in the most radioresistant cell line (M79). Protein expression of PUMA was induced by radiation and was enhanced after SLUG silencing. Conclusions: Our results reveal a pivotal role of SLUG in regulating a cellular network involved in the response to DNA damage, and highlight the importance of TGM2 in radiosensitivity modulation. SLUG silencing appears to increase radiation sensitivity of the melanoma cells tested.",
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AU - Arienti, Chiara

AU - Tesei, Anna

AU - Carloni, Silvia

AU - Ulivi, Paola

AU - Romeo, Antonino

AU - Ghigi, Giulia

AU - Menghi, Enrico

AU - Sarnelli, Anna

AU - Parisi, Elisabetta

AU - Silvestrini, Rosella

AU - Zoli, Wainer

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N2 - Background: Melanoma radioresistance has been attributed to the presence of tumor cells with highly efficient DNA damage repair mechanisms. We examined the expression of genes involved in DNA damage repair and DNA damage sensing, and assessed their modulation by SLUG silencing, which is potentially capable of increasing radiosensitivity. Methods: Two melanoma cell lines (M14 and M79) were used to evaluate in vitro radiation-induced cytotoxicity before and after SLUG silencing. mRNA expression levels of BRCA1, ERCC1, DNA-PK, PARP, MGMT, ATM and TGM2 were determined by real-time RT-PCR, and protein expression levels of SLUG, caspase 3, p21, PUMA and pMAPK by Western blotting. Results: The cytotoxic effect of radiation was high in M14 and low in M79 cells. SLUG silencing increased the interference of radiation on cell cycle distribution and cell killing by 60 % and 80 % in M79 cells after a 2.4 Gy and 5 Gy radiation dose, respectively. It also led to a significant inhibition of expression of genes involved in DNA damage repair and DNA damage sensing in all cell lines maintained after radiation. An almost total inhibition was observed for TGM2, which is expressed at a high basal level in the most radioresistant cell line (M79). Protein expression of PUMA was induced by radiation and was enhanced after SLUG silencing. Conclusions: Our results reveal a pivotal role of SLUG in regulating a cellular network involved in the response to DNA damage, and highlight the importance of TGM2 in radiosensitivity modulation. SLUG silencing appears to increase radiation sensitivity of the melanoma cells tested.

AB - Background: Melanoma radioresistance has been attributed to the presence of tumor cells with highly efficient DNA damage repair mechanisms. We examined the expression of genes involved in DNA damage repair and DNA damage sensing, and assessed their modulation by SLUG silencing, which is potentially capable of increasing radiosensitivity. Methods: Two melanoma cell lines (M14 and M79) were used to evaluate in vitro radiation-induced cytotoxicity before and after SLUG silencing. mRNA expression levels of BRCA1, ERCC1, DNA-PK, PARP, MGMT, ATM and TGM2 were determined by real-time RT-PCR, and protein expression levels of SLUG, caspase 3, p21, PUMA and pMAPK by Western blotting. Results: The cytotoxic effect of radiation was high in M14 and low in M79 cells. SLUG silencing increased the interference of radiation on cell cycle distribution and cell killing by 60 % and 80 % in M79 cells after a 2.4 Gy and 5 Gy radiation dose, respectively. It also led to a significant inhibition of expression of genes involved in DNA damage repair and DNA damage sensing in all cell lines maintained after radiation. An almost total inhibition was observed for TGM2, which is expressed at a high basal level in the most radioresistant cell line (M79). Protein expression of PUMA was induced by radiation and was enhanced after SLUG silencing. Conclusions: Our results reveal a pivotal role of SLUG in regulating a cellular network involved in the response to DNA damage, and highlight the importance of TGM2 in radiosensitivity modulation. SLUG silencing appears to increase radiation sensitivity of the melanoma cells tested.

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