RATIONALE: Digestive hemorrhage is a life-threatening and represents for both clinicians and patient a challenger problematic condition with the urgencies to discover the origin for correct the cause and safe the life of patient.
PATIENT CONCERNS: We report the case of a 58 -year-old man with extremely rare hamartomatous neurovascular lesion. Following recurrent episode of intestinal hemorrhage the patient underwent small bowel capsule endoscopy.
DIAGNOSES: Diagnosed with small intestine neoplasia.
INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent curative small bowel resection. Histologic diagnosis was neuromuscular and vascular hamartoma (NMVH). In the small intestine, neoplastic lesions are very rare (2%) and mostly malformative while the more frequent cause of cryptic digestive hemorrhage remains angiodysplasia (50%) . The preexisting NMVH was exacerbated by the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, causing hemorrhage due to diffuse ulceration.
OUTCOMES: The patient stay healthy after treatment.
LESSONS: This is an hemorrhagic lesion with macroscopic "neoplastic" patterns due to abnormal mixing of normal indigenous tissue components. It poses a diagnostic challenge for clinicians and pathologists, but diagnosis is facilitated by capsule endoscopy and surgical treatment should provide definitive resolution.
- Capsule Endoscopy/methods
- Diagnosis, Differential
- Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods
- Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnosis
- Intestinal Neoplasms/complications
- Jejunum/blood supply
- Middle Aged
- Treatment Outcome