Small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors with liver metastases and resection of the primary: Prognostic factors for decision making

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Patients with small intestine neuroendocrine tumors present with liver metastases in 50-75% of cases at diagnosis. The aim of the present study was to assess prognostic factors in patients with liver metastases from intestinal neuroendocrine tumor after primary tumor surgical removal with or without liver surgery or radiofrequency ablation. The primary endpoint was disease-specific survival. Methods: Data regarding seventy-eight consecutive patients with liver metastases who undergone primary tumor surgical removal between 1996 and 2011 were extracted from the institutional tumor registry and retrospectively analyzed. Results: Liver tumor burden was 50% in 5 (6.4%) patients. For the whole cohort of patients disease-specific survival at 3, 5 and 8 years was 93.2%, 83.6% and 77.3%, respectively. Fifteen patients who underwent radical liver surgery were all alive with a median survival of 106 months (range 18-152 months). In multivariate analysis the Ki-67 index in a continuous fashion significantly correlate with prognosis (p = 0.021). Liver tumor burden (p = 0.036) and extrahepatic involvement (p = 0.03), were the most powerful prognosticators for patients who underwent only debulking surgery. Conclusion: The Ki-67 index, the liver tumor burden and the presence of extrahepatic metastases should be carefully considered in the selection crit. eria for liver debulking in asymptomatic patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-64
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery
Volume20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2015

Keywords

  • Liver metastases
  • Liver resection
  • Small intestine neuroendocrine tumors
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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