Smenamide a analogues. Synthesis and biological activity on multiple myeloma cells

Alessia Caso, Ilaria Laurenzana, Daniela Lamorte, Stefania Trino, Germana Esposito, Vincenzo Piccialli, Valeria Costantino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Smenamides are an intriguing class of peptide/polyketide molecules of marine origin showing antiproliferative activity against lung cancer Calu-1 cells at nanomolar concentrations through a clear pro-apoptotic mechanism. To probe the role of the activity-determining structural features, the 16-epi-analogue of smenamide A and eight simplified analogues in the 16-epi series were prepared using a flexible synthetic route. The synthetic analogues were tested on multiple myeloma (MM) cell lines showing that the configuration at C-16 slightly affects the activity, since the 16-epi-derivative is still active at nanomolar concentrations. Interestingly, it was found that the truncated compound 8, mainly composed of the pyrrolinone terminus, was not active, while compound 13, essentially lacking the pyrrolinone moiety, was 1000-fold less active than the intact substance and was the most active among all the synthesized compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Article number206
JournalMarine Drugs
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2018


  • Antiproliferative activity
  • Functional-analogues
  • Marine natural products
  • MM cell line
  • Peptide/polyketide molecules
  • Smenamides
  • Synthetic analogues

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Drug Discovery


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