Aims: To analyse the association of smoking with paraoxonase (PON1) in Type 2 diabetic patients. Methods: Type 2 diabetic patients were recruited independently in two centres (Ancona, Italy and Geneva, Switzerland) and serum PON1 mass and activities were assayed. Current smoking status was established and its association with serum PON1 analysed. Results: Type 2 diabetic patients who smoked had significantly lower serum PON1 mass and activity. This was evident in both groups of patients, even though Swiss patients were composed of coronary patients. Multivariate analyses established that smoking was an independent determinant of serum PON1 status. Conclusions: Smoking is associated with reduced serum levels of the antioxidant enzyme, PON1, even against an already unfavourable background of diabetes and coronary disease. It suggests that a combination of smoking and diabetes may be particularly deleterious for PON1 and consequently for the anti-oxidant capacity of high-density lipoproteins.
- Oxidative stress
- Risk factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Internal Medicine