SUMMARY Snake bites are of major public health importance in Africa as a cause of morbidity andmortality. Echis ocellatus is responsible for themajority of envenomation cases inWest Africa. Antivenomimmunotherapy is the only specific treatment available for envenomed patients. FromJanuary1997 to December 2001, 325 patients suffering fromsnake bites were enrolled in a survey undertaken at Goundi Hospital, Chad.We analysed the percentage of envenomed patients, sex distribution, distribution along the year, lethality, hospital stay and recovery clotting time.Two hundred and ninety-eight patients showed signs of envenomation and were treated with antivenomimmunotherapy with three different sera in consecutive periods.Youngmales weremore frequently involved.The overall lethality was 8%. Lethality and hospital stay were significantly different in the differently treated patients. Most of the data in our series were similar to those from other sub-Saharan countries but, overall, the percentage of snake bite victims whowere admitted to hospital was higher.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health