Social adjustment and self-esteem in remitted patients with mood disorders

A. Serretti, M. C. Cavallini, F. Macciardi, C. Namia, L. Franchini, D. Souery, O. Lipp, F. Bauwens, E. Smeraldi, J. Mendlewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Mood disorders are characterized by manic and depressive episodes alternating with normal mood. While social function is heavily impaired during episodes of illness, there are conflicting opinions about inter-episode function. The present paper focuses on self-esteem and social adjustment in remitted mood disorders patients. Patients with mood disorders (99 bipolar and 86 major depressive subjects, in remission) were compared with a group of 100 control subjects. The self-esteem scale (SES) and the social adjustment scale (SAS) were used to measure self-esteem and social adjustment, respectively, in both groups of subjects. Patients with mood disorder exhibited worse social adjustment and lower self-esteem than control subjects. These results strongly confirm previous observations of poor inter-episode function in patients with mood disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-142
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Psychiatry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1999


  • Bipolar disorder
  • Depressive disorder
  • Self-esteem
  • Social adjustment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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