Social capital and self-rated health among older adults: A comparative analysis of Finland, Poland and Spain

Eleni Koutsogeorgou, Fredrica Nyqvist, Mikael Nygård, Milda Cerniauskaite, Rui Quintas, Alberto Raggi, Matilde Leonardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to investigate the association between structural and cognitive aspects of social capital and self-rated health among adults aged 50 or more, living in three countries: Finland, Poland and Spain. The study, which was based on data from the European Social Survey (2008/09), was a part of the EU research project COURAGE in Europe. More specifically the paper assesses the association between social capital indicators - informal social network and general trust - and good self-rated health through single-level and joint effects analyses. The results showed that Finland was a country of high social capital, in terms of both social networks and general trust, while Spain showed low levels of general trust and Poland low levels of informal social networks. As to the association between social capital and self-rated health, high levels of general trust and high networks were found to be associated with good health among all countries' respondents. Older persons living in partnerships, with higher education, higher levels of engagement in informal networks and general trust, were found to be more likely to show good self-rated health. Our comparative analyses revealed different associations between social capital and health according to country.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)653-667
Number of pages15
JournalAgeing and Society
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 20 2015

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Poland
Finland
Spain
social capital
Social Support
Health
health
social network
ESS
Health Status
Social Capital
Comparative Analysis
research project
Education
EU
Research
Social Networks
education
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • ageing
  • Finland
  • Poland
  • self-rated health
  • social capital
  • social networks
  • Spain
  • trust

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Social capital and self-rated health among older adults : A comparative analysis of Finland, Poland and Spain. / Koutsogeorgou, Eleni; Nyqvist, Fredrica; Nygård, Mikael; Cerniauskaite, Milda; Quintas, Rui; Raggi, Alberto; Leonardi, Matilde.

In: Ageing and Society, Vol. 35, No. 3, 20.06.2015, p. 653-667.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Koutsogeorgou, E, Nyqvist, F, Nygård, M, Cerniauskaite, M, Quintas, R, Raggi, A & Leonardi, M 2015, 'Social capital and self-rated health among older adults: A comparative analysis of Finland, Poland and Spain', Ageing and Society, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 653-667. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X13001025
Koutsogeorgou E, Nyqvist F, Nygård M, Cerniauskaite M, Quintas R, Raggi A et al. Social capital and self-rated health among older adults: A comparative analysis of Finland, Poland and Spain. Ageing and Society. 2015 Jun 20;35(3):653-667. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X13001025
Koutsogeorgou, Eleni ; Nyqvist, Fredrica ; Nygård, Mikael ; Cerniauskaite, Milda ; Quintas, Rui ; Raggi, Alberto ; Leonardi, Matilde. / Social capital and self-rated health among older adults : A comparative analysis of Finland, Poland and Spain. In: Ageing and Society. 2015 ; Vol. 35, No. 3. pp. 653-667.
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