Social support and self-efficacy in patients with Myasthenia Gravis: A common pathway towards positive health outcomes

Alberto Raggi, Matilde Leonardi, Renato Mantegazza, Silvia Casale, Giulia Fioravanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Social support and self-efficacy, that was defined as one's belief in one's capabilities to enact a certain behaviour, have a mediating effect on health outcomes and, by facilitating healthy behaviours and compliance to treatment, reduce morbidity and mortality. This pilot study aims to test whether social support and selfefficacy have a positive effect in improving health outcomes of patients with Myasthenia Gravis. 74 patients (mean age 48.1; 67.6% female) were enrolled and reported low self-efficacy and health status, but good perceived social support. Men reported better self-efficacy than women, and those living with a partner reported higher social support levels. No differences were found stratifying for disease onset, disease stage and patients' working situation. Self-efficacy and tangible support were independent predictors of mental health status. These results provide a preliminary indication that psychosocial interventions aimed to increase self-efficacy could positively mediate mental health status in myasthenic patients, especially among women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-235
Number of pages5
JournalNeurological Sciences
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010

Keywords

  • Health outcomes
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Self-efficacy
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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