Socio-demographic determinants of coinfections by HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses in central Italian prisoners

Giuseppe La Torre, Luca Miele, Giacomina Chiaradia, Alice Mannocci, Manuela Reali, Giovanni Gasbarrini, Elisabetta De Vito, Antonio Grieco, Walter Ricciardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The coinfections HIV/HCV/HBV are an important health issue in penitentiary communities. The aim of the study was to examine HIV, HBV and HCV coinfections determinants amongst prisoners in the jails of Southern Lazio (Central Italy), in the period 1995-2000. Methods: Diagnosis of seropositivities for HIV, HBV and HCV was made using ELISA method. A multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to verify the influence of socio-demographic factors on the HIV/HBV/HCV coinfections. Results: HIV/HCV, HBV/HCV and HIV/HBV coinfections were detected in 42 (4%), 203 (17.9%) and 31 (2.9%) inmates, respectively. These coinfections are significantly associated with the status of drug addiction (OR = 16.02; p = 0.012; OR = 4.15; p <0.001; OR = 23.57; p = 0.002), smoking habits (OR = 3.73; p = 0.033; OR = 1.42; p = 0.088; OR = 4.25; p = 0.053) and Italian nationality (OR = 7.05; p = 0.009; OR = 2.31; p <0.001; OR = 4.61; p = 0.04). Conclusion: The prevalence of HIV, HBV and HCV seropositivity in jails suggests that information and education programs for inmates could be useful to reduce the spread of such infections.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100
JournalBMC Infectious Diseases
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 30 2007

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Prisoners
Hepatitis B
Coinfection
Hepacivirus
Demography
HIV
HIV Seropositivity
Ethnic Groups
Italy
Habits
Substance-Related Disorders
Logistic Models
Smoking
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Regression Analysis
Education
Health
Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Socio-demographic determinants of coinfections by HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses in central Italian prisoners. / La Torre, Giuseppe; Miele, Luca; Chiaradia, Giacomina; Mannocci, Alice; Reali, Manuela; Gasbarrini, Giovanni; De Vito, Elisabetta; Grieco, Antonio; Ricciardi, Walter.

In: BMC Infectious Diseases, Vol. 7, 100, 30.08.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

La Torre, Giuseppe ; Miele, Luca ; Chiaradia, Giacomina ; Mannocci, Alice ; Reali, Manuela ; Gasbarrini, Giovanni ; De Vito, Elisabetta ; Grieco, Antonio ; Ricciardi, Walter. / Socio-demographic determinants of coinfections by HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses in central Italian prisoners. In: BMC Infectious Diseases. 2007 ; Vol. 7.
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abstract = "Background: The coinfections HIV/HCV/HBV are an important health issue in penitentiary communities. The aim of the study was to examine HIV, HBV and HCV coinfections determinants amongst prisoners in the jails of Southern Lazio (Central Italy), in the period 1995-2000. Methods: Diagnosis of seropositivities for HIV, HBV and HCV was made using ELISA method. A multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to verify the influence of socio-demographic factors on the HIV/HBV/HCV coinfections. Results: HIV/HCV, HBV/HCV and HIV/HBV coinfections were detected in 42 (4{\%}), 203 (17.9{\%}) and 31 (2.9{\%}) inmates, respectively. These coinfections are significantly associated with the status of drug addiction (OR = 16.02; p = 0.012; OR = 4.15; p <0.001; OR = 23.57; p = 0.002), smoking habits (OR = 3.73; p = 0.033; OR = 1.42; p = 0.088; OR = 4.25; p = 0.053) and Italian nationality (OR = 7.05; p = 0.009; OR = 2.31; p <0.001; OR = 4.61; p = 0.04). Conclusion: The prevalence of HIV, HBV and HCV seropositivity in jails suggests that information and education programs for inmates could be useful to reduce the spread of such infections.",
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