Socioeconomic characteristics, life style, diabetes, family history of cancer and risk of pancreatic cancer

Stefania Sciallero, Luigina Bonelli, Sebastiano Saccomanno, Massimo Conio, Paolo Bruzzi, Vittorio Pugliese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the relationship between socioeconomic characteristics, life style (coffee, alcohol and tobacco consumption), diabetes mellitus, first-degree family history of cancer and risk of exocrine pancreatic cancer. Design: Hospital-based case-control study. Methods: One hundred and fifty patients with exocrine panceatic cancer and 160 hospital controls were interviewed by trained personnel when still in hospital. Results: A statistically significant trend of increased risk of exocrine pancreatic cancer with a higher level of education was observed [relative risk (RR) = 1.55, confidence interval (Q) 1.10–2.19]. No association with other social characteristics (marital status, occupation and place of residence) and coffee, alcohol and tobacco consumption was found. There was a significantly increased risk of exocrine pancreatic cancer as the weekly consumption of spirits increased (RR = 1.52, Cl 1.06–2.19). Diabetes was associated with an increased risk of exocrine pancreatic cancer only when diagnosed less than 1 year prior to the interview (RR = 8.14, Cl 2.19–30.4). Conclusions: Our study confirms that there is an increased risk of exocrine pancreatic cancer associated with alcohol consumption. In addition, we observed a relationship between high socioeconomic status and risk of developing exocrine pancreatic cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-371
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume5
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1993

Keywords

  • Case-control study
  • Exocrine pancreatic cancer
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology

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