Socioeconomic status and survival of gastric cancer patients

V. Fontana, A. Decensi, M. A. Orengo, S. Parodi, R. Torrisi, R. Puntoni

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Survival differences in cancer patients according to socioeconomic status (SES) have been reported for several organs, but the relationship with gastric cancer prognosis has not been conclusively defined. The present study analysed the survival of 122 incident, histologically confirmed gastric cancer patients diagnosed between 1985 and 1987 in Genoa, Italy and enrolled in a multicentric case-control study on gastric cancer occurrence and dietary habits. Adjusting for age at diagnosis, tumour stage, histopathological grading and surgery (i.e. curative gastric resection), Cox's proportional hazards regression model showed statistically significant hazard ratio (HR) (relative risk) estimates below unity for education (>5 versus ≤5 years of schooling, HR = 0.40, P = 0.003) and occupation (higher versus lower income job, HR = 0.59, P = 0.030). Also, the same final regression model revealed a positive prognostic effect for origin (Southern Italy migrants versus Genoa natives) (HR = 0.56, P = 0.039) and female gender (HR = 0.58, P = 0.020). High SES, origin from lower risk area for gastric cancer occurrence and female gender are positive prognostic categories for gastric cancer patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)537-542
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1998


  • Cancer survival
  • Gastric neoplasm
  • Migration
  • Sex
  • Socioeconomic status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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