CASE REPORT: A 27-year-old white man with a 5-year history of pigment dispersion syndrome presented for evaluation. His past ocular history was significant for bilateral intraocular pressure elevation that had required intraocular pressure -lowering medication (beta-blocker-prostaglandin analogue fixed combination). On ophthalmic examination, the visual acuity was 20/20 without correction in both eyes. Anterior chamber slit-lamp examination revealed a pigmented round mass with modest transillumination at 6-o'clock position of the right eye. When asked, the patient reported that he had first noticed a shadow in his right eye during childhood when he was flexing his neck and keeping a face-down position for a few seconds. During a head-flexing test, the mass freely floated in the anterior chamber. When the patient extended the neck, the round mass could be seen in front of the pupil. After a few moments, the mass would slowly fall to the iridocorneal angle at the 6-o'clock position. Ultrasound biomicroscopy and anterior-segment optical coherence tomography confirmed that the lesion was a pigmented cyst without internal reflectivity. Specular microscopy examinations, performed to exclude cyst-induced corneal endothelium compromise, revealed a cell-density of ~3000 cells/mm in both eyes. Gonioscopy showed an open angle with trabecular pigmentation and funduscopy a cup-to-disc ratio of 0.5 bilaterally. Visual fields and optical coherence tomography tests were within normal limits.
CONCLUSIONS: The etiology of free-floating iris cysts is unclear, but it is generally agreed that these masses are usually dislodged pigment epithelial cysts. This is the first report of a unilateral free-floating iris cyst associated with bilateral pigment dispersion syndrome.
- Anterior Chamber/pathology
- Glaucoma, Open-Angle/diagnosis
- Intraocular Pressure
- Iris Diseases/diagnosis
- Microscopy, Acoustic
- Slit Lamp Microscopy
- Tomography, Optical Coherence
- Tonometry, Ocular
- Visual Acuity