Soluble CD141-152 confers responsiveness to both lipoarabinomannan and lipopolysaccharide in a novel HL-60 cell bioassay

Weiming Yu, Elisa Soprana, Giovanna Cosentino, Manuela Volta, Henri S. Lichenstein, Giovanna Viale, Donata Vercelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

CD14 is a pattern recognition receptor involved in the interaction with multiple ligands, including LPS from Gram-negative bacteria and lipoarabinomannan (LAM) from mycobacteria. While the interactions between LPS and soluble CD14 (sCD14) have been analyzed in detail, LAM/CD14 interactions remain uncharacterized due to the lack of suitable functional assays. We describe herein a novel bioassay for the analysis of CD14/ligand interactions. CD14-negative myeloid HL-60 cells up-regulate endogenous CD14 gene expression when stimulated with LPS in the presence of recombinant soluble CD141-348. Using the HL-60 bioassay, we showed that sCD141- 348 confers responsiveness not only to LPS, but also to LAM. The response to LAM, but not that to LPS, was highly dependent on LPS binding protein (LBP). The N-terminal half of CD14 was sufficient to mediate HL-60 responses to LAM, since HL-60 cells responded with similar efficiency when stimulated with LAM and LBP in the presence of sCD141-348 or sCD141-152. Thus, the N-terminal 152 amino acids of CD14 contain the site(s) involved in the interaction with LAM and LBP, as well as the residues required for LAM- dependent CD14 signaling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4244-4251
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume161
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 1998

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HL-60 Cells
Biological Assay
Lipopolysaccharides
Ligands
Pattern Recognition Receptors
lipoarabinomannan
Myeloid Cells
Mycobacterium
Gram-Negative Bacteria
Up-Regulation
Gene Expression
Amino Acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

Yu, W., Soprana, E., Cosentino, G., Volta, M., Lichenstein, H. S., Viale, G., & Vercelli, D. (1998). Soluble CD141-152 confers responsiveness to both lipoarabinomannan and lipopolysaccharide in a novel HL-60 cell bioassay. Journal of Immunology, 161(8), 4244-4251.

Soluble CD141-152 confers responsiveness to both lipoarabinomannan and lipopolysaccharide in a novel HL-60 cell bioassay. / Yu, Weiming; Soprana, Elisa; Cosentino, Giovanna; Volta, Manuela; Lichenstein, Henri S.; Viale, Giovanna; Vercelli, Donata.

In: Journal of Immunology, Vol. 161, No. 8, 15.10.1998, p. 4244-4251.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yu, W, Soprana, E, Cosentino, G, Volta, M, Lichenstein, HS, Viale, G & Vercelli, D 1998, 'Soluble CD141-152 confers responsiveness to both lipoarabinomannan and lipopolysaccharide in a novel HL-60 cell bioassay', Journal of Immunology, vol. 161, no. 8, pp. 4244-4251.
Yu, Weiming ; Soprana, Elisa ; Cosentino, Giovanna ; Volta, Manuela ; Lichenstein, Henri S. ; Viale, Giovanna ; Vercelli, Donata. / Soluble CD141-152 confers responsiveness to both lipoarabinomannan and lipopolysaccharide in a novel HL-60 cell bioassay. In: Journal of Immunology. 1998 ; Vol. 161, No. 8. pp. 4244-4251.
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