CD14 is a pattern recognition receptor involved in the interaction with multiple ligands, including LPS from Gram-negative bacteria and lipoarabinomannan (LAM) from mycobacteria. While the interactions between LPS and soluble CD14 (sCD14) have been analyzed in detail, LAM/CD14 interactions remain uncharacterized due to the lack of suitable functional assays. We describe herein a novel bioassay for the analysis of CD14/ligand interactions. CD14-negative myeloid HL-60 cells up-regulate endogenous CD14 gene expression when stimulated with LPS in the presence of recombinant soluble CD141-348. Using the HL-60 bioassay, we showed that sCD141- 348 confers responsiveness not only to LPS, but also to LAM. The response to LAM, but not that to LPS, was highly dependent on LPS binding protein (LBP). The N-terminal half of CD14 was sufficient to mediate HL-60 responses to LAM, since HL-60 cells responded with similar efficiency when stimulated with LAM and LBP in the presence of sCD141-348 or sCD141-152. Thus, the N-terminal 152 amino acids of CD14 contain the site(s) involved in the interaction with LAM and LBP, as well as the residues required for LAM- dependent CD14 signaling.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 15 1998|
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