Soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 is released by human melanoma cells and is associated with tumor growth in nude mice

R. Giavazzi, R. G S Chirivi, A. Garofalo, A. Rambaldi, I. Hemingway, R. Pigott, A. J H Gearing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We have studied the cytokine regulation of cell surface and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) expression on the human melanoma cell line A375M. Unstimulated cells express ICAM-1 on their cell surface but do not secrete significant levels of soluble ICAM-1. Interleukin 1, interleukin 6, tumor necrosis factor, and γ-interferon all increased cell surface expression of ICAM-1. Tumor necrosis factor, interleukin 1, and γ- interferon also caused the release of soluble ICAM-1. The serum of melanoma patients has been reported to contain elevated levels of soluble ICAM-1; however, the source of this ICAM-1 is unclear. The serum from nude mice bearing s.c. human melanoma tumors was found to contain soluble human ICAM-1. ICAM-1 levels showed a positive correlation with tumor weight. The release of ICAM-1 from melanoma tumors, in response to host-derived cytokines, may have relevance to immune recognition of the tumor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2628-2630
Number of pages3
JournalCancer Research
Volume52
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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