Soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 serum profile in physiologic and preeclamptic pregnancy

Lucia Airoldi, Barbara Gaffuri, Gabriele Rossi, Enrico Iurlaro, Arrigo Nozza, Paola Vigano, Mario Vignali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PROBLEM: The aim of this study was to determine serum levels of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule (sICAM)-1, an adhesion receptor that mediates interactions with the immune system, in physiologic and preeclamptic pregnancies. Moreover, we evaluated whether the release of sICAM-1 during pregnancy correlated to plasma fibronectin concentrations. METHOD OF STUDY: Serum was collected from 18 nonpregnant, control women, from 58 normal pregnant women during the first (n = 13), second (n = 15), and third (n = 30) trimesters, and from 25 preeclamptic patients at 27-39 weeks' gestation. All samples were assayed for sICAM-1 by a specific enzyme-linked immunoassay and for fibronectin by a nephelometric system. Serum sICAM-1 levels in preeclamptic patients were compared to those obtained from gestational matched normal pregnant women. RESULTS: Levels of sICAM-1 were significantly elevated (P <0.001) in each of the three trimesters of normal pregnancy (I trimester: 390.4 ± 25.7 ng/ml; II trimester: 386.3 ± 15.4 ng/ml; and III trimester: 367.3 ± 15.8 ng/ml) when compared to those of healthy nonpregnant women (263.3 ± 11.6 ng/ml). No significant difference in sICAM-1 concentrations was observed among the three trimesters. Preeclampsia was associated to a significant decrease (P <0.01) of sICAM-1 levels (309.8 ± 11.6 ng/ml) relative to those observed in gestational-matched pregnant women (367.3 ± 15.8 ng/ml). Fibronectin and sICAM-1 levels did not correlate. CONCLUSION: The increased levels of sICAM-1 found in physiologic pregnancies and its reduction in preeclampsia may account for some of the immunologic alterations demonstrated to be associated with pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-188
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Volume39
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Fibronectin
  • Preeclampsia
  • Pregnancy
  • Soluble intercellular adhesion molecule (sICAM)-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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