Soluble lectin-like oxidized low density lipoprotein receptor-1 as a biochemical marker for atherosclerosis-related diseases

Angela Pirillo, Alberico Luigi Catapano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Lectin-like oxidized low density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1), themain oxidized low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) in endothelial cells, is upregulated in atherosclerotic lesions and is involved in several cellular processes that regulate the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis.The LOX-1 expressed on the cell surface can be proteolytically cleaved and released in a soluble form(sLOX-1) in the circulation under pathological conditions. Serumlevels of sLOX-1, in fact, are elevated at the early stages of acute coronary syndrome and are associated with coronary plaque vulnerability and with the presence of multiple complex coronary lesions. Moreover, in subjects with stable CAD, levels of serum sLOX-1 are associated with the presence of lesions in the proximal and mid-segments of the left anterior descending artery that are the most prone to rupture; in subjects undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, baseline preprocedural serum sLOX-1 levels are associated with the incidence of periprocedural myocardial Infarction. Altogether, these findings suggest that circulating levels of sLOX-1 might be a diagnostic and prognostic marker for atherosclerotic-related events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-418
Number of pages6
JournalDisease Markers
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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