Soluble serum HLA-G and HLA-A, -B, -C molecules in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis exposed to pollens

Giorgio Ciprandi, Paola Contini, Giuseppe Murdaca, Mara DeAmici, Anna Maria Gallina, Francesco Puppo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is characterized by a Th2 polarized immune response and soluble HLA (sHLA) molecules play an immunomodulatory role in this response. Previously, it has been reported that these molecules are increased in sera of patients with pollen-induced allergic rhinitis studied outside the pollen season. To date, however, no study has investigated there in AR patients during the pollen season. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate serum sHLA-G and sHLA-A, -B, -C levels in both AR patients and healthy controls. Methods: 60 symptomatic allergic patients were enrolled. A group of 50 healthy subjects was included as a control. Serum sHLA-G and sHLA-A, -B, -C levels were determined by an immunoenzymatic method. Allergy severity was assessed by VAS for symptoms and drug use. Results: Allergic patients had significantly higher levels of both sHLA-G (p <0.001) and sHLA-A, -B, -C (p = 0.001) than normal controls. In addition, there was a very strong correlation between sHLA-G levels and clinical severity. Conclusion: The present study confirms evidence that serum sHLA-G and sHLA-A, -B, -C molecules are significantly increased in patients with pollen-induced AR also during the pollen season. Moreover, sHLA-G might be considered as a biomarker for assessing clinical severity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1058-1062
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Immunopharmacology
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009

Keywords

  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Pollen season
  • Pollens
  • Serum
  • sHLA-A, -B, -C
  • sHLA-G

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pharmacology

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