Oxidative stress and protein aggregation have been demonstrated to be the major factors involved in neurodegenerative diseases. Metal ions play a pivotal role, acting as mediators of neurotoxicity either by favoring or redox cycling. Thus, they represent a promising and suitable therapeutic target for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders. In particular, the development of bifunctional or multifunctional molecules, which have antiaggregant and metal-chelating/antioxidant properties, may be considered as a valuable strategy for the treatment of neurodegeneration considering its multifactorial nature. Herein, we report the design and the characterization of four new multifunctional sugar-appended 8-hydroxyquinolines focusing on the effects of the conjugation with trehalose, a nonreducing disaccharide involved in the protection of proteins and cells against environmental stresses. These glycoconjugates do not exhibit any antiproliferative activity against three human cell lines of different histological origin, unlike 8-hydroxyquinolines. The multiple properties of the new derivatives are highlighted, reporting their Cu2+ and Zn2+ binding ability, and antioxidant and antiaggregant capacities. In particular, these latter were determined by different assays, including the evaluation of their ability to modulate or even suppress the aggregation of Aβ1-40 and Aβ1-42 peptides induced by copper or zinc ions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry