Somatostatin Analogues according to Ki67 index in neuroendocrine tumours: An observational retrospective-prospective analysis from real life

Antongiulio Faggiano, Anna Chiara Carratù, Elia Guadagno, Salvatore Tafuto, Fabiana Tatangelo, Ferdinando Riccardi, Carmela Mocerino, Giovannella Palmieri, Vincenzo Damiano, Roberta Siciliano, Silvana Leo, Annamaria Mauro, Lucia Franca Tozzi, Gaetano De Rosa, Annamaria Colao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Somatostatin analogues (SSAs) have shown limited and variable antiproliferative effects in neuroendocrine tumours (NETs). Whether tumour control by SSAs depends on grading based on the 2010 WHO NET classification is still unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of long-acting SSAs in NETs according to Ki67 index. An observational Italian multicentre study was designed to collect data in patients with gastro-entero-pancreatic or thoracic NETs under SSA treatment. Both retrospective and prospective data were included and they were analysed in line with Ki67 index, immunohistochemically evaluated in tumour samples and graded according to WHO classification (G1 = Ki67 index 0-2%, G2 = Ki67 index 3-20%, G3 = Ki67 index > 20%). Among 601 patients with NET, 140 with a histologically confirmed gastro-entero-pancreatic or thoracic NET or NET with unknown primary were treated with lanreotide autogel or octreotide LAR. An objective tumour response was observed in 11%, stability in 58% and progression in 31%. Objective response and tumour stability were not significantly different between G1 and G2 NETs. Progression free survival was longer but not significantly different in G1 than G2 NETs (median: 89 vs 43 months, p = 0.15). The median PFS was significantly longer in NETs showing Ki67 <5% than in those showing Ki67 ≥5% (89 vs 35 months, p = 0.005). SSA therapy shows significant antiproliferative effects in well differentiated low/intermediate-proliferating NETs, not only G1 but also in G2 type. A Ki67 index of 5% seems to work better than 3% to select the best candidates for SSA therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5538-5547
Number of pages10
JournalOncotarget
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Ki67 index
  • Lanreotide
  • Neuroendocrine tumours
  • Octreotide
  • Somatostatin analogues

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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