Somatostatin and dopamine receptor interaction in prostate and lung cancer cell lines

M. Arvigo, F. Gatto, M. Ruscica, P. Ameri, E. Dozio, M. Albertelli, M. D. Culler, M. Motta, F. Minuto, P. Magni, D. Ferone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Somatostatin analogues inhibit in vitro cell proliferation via specific membrane receptors (SSTRs). Recent studies on transfected cell lines have shown a ligand-induced formation of receptor dimers. The aim of this study is 1) to evaluate the role of specific ligands in modulating receptor interactions in the androgen-dependent prostate cancer cell line, LNCaP, and in the non-small cell lung cancer line, Calu-6, by co-immunoprecipitation and immunoblot; and 2) to correlate the antiproliferative effect of these compounds with their ability in modulating receptor interactions. In LNCaP, we have demonstrated the constitutive presence of sstr1/sstr2, sstr 2/sstr5, sstr5/dopamine (DA) type 2 receptor (D2R), and sstr2/D2R dimers. BIM-23704 (sstr1- and sstr2-preferential compound) increased the co-immunoprecipitation of sstr1/sstr2 and significantly inhibited proliferation (-30.98%). BIM-23244 (sstr2-sstr5 selective agonist) significantly increased the co-immunoprecipitation of sstr2/sstr5, and induced a -41.36% inhibition of proliferation. BIM-23A760, a new somatostatin/DA chimeric agonist with a high affinity for sstr2 and D2R and a moderate affinity for sstr5, significantly increased the sstr5/D2R and sstr 2/D2R complexes and was the most powerful in inhibiting proliferation (-42.30%). The chimeric compound was also the most efficient in modulating receptor interaction in Calu-6, increasing the co-immunoprecipitation of D2R/sstr5 and inhibiting cell proliferation (-30.54%). However, behind BIM-23A760, BIM-53097 (D2R-preferential compound) also significantly inhibited Calu-6 proliferation (-17.71%), suggesting a key role for D2R in receptor cross talk and in controlling cell growth. Indeed, activation of monomeric receptors did not affect receptor co-immunoprecipitation, whereas cell proliferation was significantly inhibited when the receptors were synergistically activated. In conclusion, our data show a dynamic ligand-induced somatostatin and DA receptor interaction, which may be crucial for the antiproliferative effects of the new analogues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-317
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Endocrinology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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