Somatostatin analogues inhibit in vitro cell proliferation via specific membrane receptors (SSTRs). Recent studies on transfected cell lines have shown a ligand-induced formation of receptor dimers. The aim of this study is 1) to evaluate the role of specific ligands in modulating receptor interactions in the androgen-dependent prostate cancer cell line, LNCaP, and in the non-small cell lung cancer line, Calu-6, by co-immunoprecipitation and immunoblot; and 2) to correlate the antiproliferative effect of these compounds with their ability in modulating receptor interactions. In LNCaP, we have demonstrated the constitutive presence of sstr1/sstr2, sstr 2/sstr5, sstr5/dopamine (DA) type 2 receptor (D2R), and sstr2/D2R dimers. BIM-23704 (sstr1- and sstr2-preferential compound) increased the co-immunoprecipitation of sstr1/sstr2 and significantly inhibited proliferation (-30.98%). BIM-23244 (sstr2-sstr5 selective agonist) significantly increased the co-immunoprecipitation of sstr2/sstr5, and induced a -41.36% inhibition of proliferation. BIM-23A760, a new somatostatin/DA chimeric agonist with a high affinity for sstr2 and D2R and a moderate affinity for sstr5, significantly increased the sstr5/D2R and sstr 2/D2R complexes and was the most powerful in inhibiting proliferation (-42.30%). The chimeric compound was also the most efficient in modulating receptor interaction in Calu-6, increasing the co-immunoprecipitation of D2R/sstr5 and inhibiting cell proliferation (-30.54%). However, behind BIM-23A760, BIM-53097 (D2R-preferential compound) also significantly inhibited Calu-6 proliferation (-17.71%), suggesting a key role for D2R in receptor cross talk and in controlling cell growth. Indeed, activation of monomeric receptors did not affect receptor co-immunoprecipitation, whereas cell proliferation was significantly inhibited when the receptors were synergistically activated. In conclusion, our data show a dynamic ligand-induced somatostatin and DA receptor interaction, which may be crucial for the antiproliferative effects of the new analogues.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism