Total and virus-specific immunoglobulin (Ig) G oligoclonal bands were studied in paired serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of four patients with herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) encephalitis. We used the isoelectric focusing in agarose gel, a sensitive technique for protein separation, followed by passive transfer of proteins on nitrocellulose paper and specific immunostaining. Oligoclonal bands were observed in serum and CSF of all patients. HSV-1-specific oligoclonal IgG bands were present in the CSF only during a limited period of the disease, having their counterpart in serum during the remaining periods. Our findings contribute to tackle the issue of B-cell activation within central nervous system and peripheral blood compartments in course of HSV-1 encephalitis.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Bollettino della Societa Italiana di Biologia Sperimentale|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1990|
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