Antisepsi mirata e disinfezione ambientale per la prevenzione della "'Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea".

Translated title of the contribution: Specific antisepsis and environmental disinfection in preventing "Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea"

G. Agolini, C. Protano, V. Puro, A. Raitano, F. Ferraro, M. Vitali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the last years, Clostridium difficile acquired great interest for public health because of constant increase of Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea (CDAD), especially in nosocomial field and as a consequences of its pathogenicity and virulence. Oro-faecal transmission and great environmental persistence of Clostridium difficile indicate hand hygiene of health care workers and environmental disinfection practices as key interventions for prevention and control of nosocomial CDAD. The current indications relative to the hand hygiene suggest the use of soap and water for hand washing and, to achieve a better compliance of health care workers to this treatment, the alternative use of sodium dichloroisocyanurate or alcohol-based solution or gel waterless. Regard to environmental disinfection, to avoid high concentrations of sodium hypochlorite (in the magnitude of 5.000-6.000 ppm), necessary to reduce microbic load of dirty environment, the most appropriate treatment should consist of 2 phases: preliminary cleaning with water and detergents or polyphenol, followed by treatment with solution containing 1.000 ppm available chlorine, obtained from sodium hypochlorite or sodium dichloroisocyanurate.

Translated title of the contributionSpecific antisepsis and environmental disinfection in preventing "Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea"
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)599-609
Number of pages11
JournalAnnali di igiene : medicina preventiva e di comunità
Volume21
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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