Lymphocytes isolated from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients have dysregulated cell-cycle control, consisting of increased activation of the cyclin B1/p34 cdc2 complex and abnormal nucleolar structure. To better characterize the molecular features of the HIV-associated cell-cycle perturbations, we performed a detailed analysis of the posttranslational regulation of nucleolin, a key structural protein in the nucleolus. We found that, in concanavalin A-stimulated lymphocytes from HIV-infected patients, the inappropriate activation of the cyclin B1/p34 cdc2 kinase complex is temporally associated with increased threonine phosphorylation, augmented fragmentation, and prominent extranuclear and cell-surface localization of nucleolin. Importantly, increased lymphocyte apoptosis is observed at the time of cell-surface localization of nucleolin. These results may delineate a direct molecular link between abnormal activation of cyclin B1/p34 cdc2 and the changes in the nucleolar structure, thus providing a better molecular definition of HIV-associated cell-cycle dysregulation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health