Computergestütztes Training spezifischer Aufmerksamkeitsfunktionen bei Patienten nach Schlaganfall oder Schädelhirntrauma: Eine europäische multizentrische Effizienzstudie

Translated title of the contribution: Specific computerized attention training in stroke and traumatic brain-injured patients, a European multicenter efficacy study

W. Sturm, B. Fimm, A. Cantagallo, N. Cremel, P. North, A. Passadori, L. Pizzamiglio, M. Rousseaux, P. Zimmermann, G. Deloche, M. Leclercq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In a multicenter European approach, the efficacy of the AIXTENT computerized training programs for intensity aspects (alertness and vigilance) and selectivity aspects (selective and divided attention) of attention was studied in 33 patients with brain damage of vascular and traumatic etiology. Each patient received training in one of two most impaired of the four attention domains. Control tests were performed by means of a standardized computerized attention test battery (TAP) comprising tests for the four attention functions. Assessment was carried out at the beginning and at the end of a four week baseline period and after the training period of 14 one-hour sessions. At the end of the baseline phase, there was only slight but significant improvement for the most complex attention function, divided attention (number of omissions). After the training, there were significant specific training effects for both intensity aspects (alertness and vigilance) and also for the number of omissions in the divided attention task. The application of inferential single case procedures revealed a high number of significant improvements in individual cases after specific training of alertness and vigilance problems. On the other hand, a non specific training addressing selectivity aspects of attention lead either to improvement or deterioration of alertness and vigilance performance. The results corroborate the findings of former studies with the same training instrument but in patients with different lesion etiologies.

Translated title of the contributionSpecific computerized attention training in stroke and traumatic brain-injured patients, a European multicenter efficacy study
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)283-292
Number of pages10
JournalZeitschrift fur Neuropsychologie
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Computerized training
  • Stroke
  • Therapy
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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