Specific concentration of hyaluronan amide derivative induces osteogenic mineralization of human mesenchymal stromal cells: Evidence of RUNX2 and COL1A1 genes modulation

Francesca Paolella, Elena Gabusi, Cristina Manferdini, Antonella Schiavinato, Gina Lisignoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Hyaluronic acid (HA) is an ideal material for tissue regeneration. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a hyaluronan amide derivative (HAD) can enhance the mineralization of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Osteogenically induced hMSCs cultured with or without HAD at different concentrations (0.5 mg/ml or 1 mg/ml) were analyzed for mineral matrix deposition, metabolic activity, cellular proliferation, and the expression of 14 osteogenic genes. Unmodified HA (HYAL) was used as control. We demonstrated that only cells treated daily until day 28 with 0.5 mg/ml HAD, but not with 1 mg/ml of HAD and HYAL, showed a significant induction of mineralization at day 14 compared to the osteogenic control group. HAD at both concentrations tested, significantly decreased the expression of the proliferating marker MKI67 at day 2. By contrast, increased metabolic activity was induced only by HYAL from day 14. HAD at both concentrations significantly down modulated SNAI2, DLX5, RUNX2, COL1A1, and IBSP genes, while significantly up regulated COL15A1. The induction of mineralization of 0.5 mg/ml of HAD at day 14 was significantly dependent on a specific modulation of RUNX2 and COL1A1. Our data demonstrate that only 0.5 mg/ml of HAD, but not HYAL, modulated hMSCs osteogenic differentiation, suggesting that the physicochemical features and concentration of HA products could differently affect osteogenic maturation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2774-2783
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
Issue number12
Early online dateAug 13 2019
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019



  • hyaluronic acid
  • hydrogels
  • mesenchymal stromal cell
  • mineralization
  • osteogenic genes

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