Specific dietary (Poly)phenols are associated with sleep quality in a cohort of Italian adults

Justyna Godos, Raffaele Ferri, Sabrina Castellano, Donato Angelino, Pedro Mena, Daniele Del Rio, Filippo Caraci, Fabio Galvano, Giuseppe Grosso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Diet has been the major focus of attention as a leading risk factor for non-communicable diseases, including mental health disorders. A large body of literature supports the hypothesis that there is a bidirectional association between sleep and diet quality, possibly via the modulation of neuro-inflammation, adult neurogenesis and synaptic and neuronal plasticity. In the present study, the association between dietary total, subclasses of and individual (poly)phenols and sleep quality was explored in a cohort of Italian adults. Methods: The demographic and dietary characteristics of 1936 adults living in southern Italy were analyzed. Food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) were used to assess dietary intake. Data on the (poly)phenol content in foods were retrieved from the Phenol-Explorer database. The Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index was used to measure sleep quality. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to test the associations. Results: A significant inverse association between a higher dietary intake of lignans and inadequate sleep quality was found. Additionally, individuals with the highest quartile of hydroxycinnamic acid intake were less likely to have inadequate sleep quality. When individual compounds were taken into consideration, an association with sleep quality was observed for naringenin and apigenin among flavonoids, and for matairesinol among lignans. A secondary analysis was conducted, stratifying the population into normal weight and overweight/obese individuals. The findings in normal weight individuals showed a stronger association between certain classes of, subclasses of and individual compounds and sleep quality. Notably, nearly all individual compounds belonging to the lignan class were inversely associated with inadequate sleep quality. In the overweight/obese individuals, there were no associations between any dietary (poly)phenol class and sleep quality. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that a higher dietary intake of certain (poly)phenols may be associated with better sleep quality among adult individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1226
JournalNutrients
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Brain
  • Cognitive
  • Cohort
  • Mental health
  • Polyphenol
  • Population
  • Sicily
  • Sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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