The biological effects of hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor are mediated by autophosphorylation of its receptor, the Met tyrosine kinase, on two carboxyl-terminal tyrosines. These phosphotyrosines (Y1349VH-VNATY1356VNV) are multifunctional docking sites for several effectors. Grb2, the adaptor for the Ras guanyl-nucleotide exchanger SOS, binds to Tyr1356 in the YVNV motif. By site-directed mutagenesis we either abrogated or duplicated the Grb2 consensus, without interfering with the other effectors. Loss of the link with Grb2 severely impaired transformation. The same mutation, however, had no effect on the "scattering" response, indicating that the level of signal which can be reached by Grb2-independent routes is permissive for motility. Duplication of the Grb2 binding site enhanced transformation and left motility unchanged. Thus, two Met-mediated biological responses, motility and growth, can be dissociated on the basis of their differential requirement for a direct link with Ras.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
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