Spectrum of germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 variants identified in 2351 ovarian and breast cancer patients referring to a reference cancer hospital of Rome

Concetta Santonocito, Roberta Rizza, Ida Paris, Laura De Marchis, Carmela Paolillo, Giordana Tiberi, Giovanni Scambia, Ettore Capoluongo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pathogenic variants (PVs) carriers in BRCA1 or BRCA2 are associated with an elevated lifetime risk of developing breast cancer (BC) and/or ovarian cancer (OC). The prevalence of BRCA1 and BRCA2 germline alterations is extremely variable among different ethnic groups. Particularly, the rate of variants in Italian BC and/or OC families is rather controversial and ranges from 8% to 37%, according to different reports. By In Vitro Diagnostic (IVD) next generation sequencing (NGS)‐based pipelines, we routinely screened thousands of patients with either sporadic or cancer family history. By NGS, we identified new PVs and some variants of uncertain significance (VUS) which were also evaluated in silico using dedicated tools. We report in detail data regarding BRCA1/2 variants identified in 517 out of 2351 BC and OC patients. The aim of this study was to report the incidence and spectrum of BRCA1/2 variants observed in BC and/or OC patients, tested in at Policlinico Gemelli Foundation Hospital, the origin of which is mainly from Central and Southern Italy. This study provides an overview of the variant frequency in these geographic areas of Italy and provides data that could be used in the clinical management of patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1286
JournalCancers
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • BRCA1/2
  • Next‐generation sequencing
  • Novel variants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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