Sperm aneuploidy and recurrent pregnancy loss

Luca M. Bernardini, M. Costa, C. Bottazzi, L. Gianaroli, M. C. Magli, P. L. Venturini, R. Francioso, N. Conte, N. Ragni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Experiments of double target in-situ hybridization were performed separately for chromosomes 1-17, 8-18 and sex chromosomes on sperm samples from 20 couples suffering from three or more recurrent first trimester abortions. For a subset of this study population, additional experiments of multicolour fluorescence in-situ hybridization for chromosomes 4, 7, 12, 13, 15, 18, 21, and 22, were performed on the bases of the available data from abortive tissue karyotyping. A markedly high rate of sperm disomy (14.5-15.5%) was scored in only two cases. For three other patients, the cumulative disomy rates for chromosomes 1, 17, 8, 18, X and Y also increased but at a lower level (7.8-9.5%). For the remaining 15 patients, the frequency of sperm aneuploidy was moderately increased or normal. Men with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) and poor semen quality had baseline sperm aneuploidy and diploidy rates higher than men with normal semen parameters (with or without RPL). Using probes for chromosomes 1, 17, 8, 18, X and Y, significantly elevated frequencies of sperm aneuploidy (not diploidy) were found in 10% of men with a history of RPL. Their rate of sperm aneuploidy was 30-34%. For the other men, changes in sperm aneuploidy were not thought to affect RPL. Poor semen quality per se impacted negatively on sperm aneuploidy and diploidy, thus making the interpretation of clinical data more difficult.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-320
Number of pages9
JournalReproductive BioMedicine Online
Volume9
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2004

Keywords

  • Habitual abortion
  • In-situ hybridization
  • Recurrent pregnancy loss
  • Sperm aneuploidy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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  • Cite this

    Bernardini, L. M., Costa, M., Bottazzi, C., Gianaroli, L., Magli, M. C., Venturini, P. L., Francioso, R., Conte, N., & Ragni, N. (2004). Sperm aneuploidy and recurrent pregnancy loss. Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 9(3), 312-320.