Spinal manipulation compared with back school and with individually delivered physiotherapy for the treatment of chronic low back pain: A randomized trial with one-year follow-up

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To compare spinal manipulation, back school and individual physiotherapy in the treatment of chronic low back pain. Design: Randomized trial, 12-month follow-up. Setting: Outpatient rehabilitation department. Participants: 210 patients with chronic, non-specific low back pain, 140/210 women, age 59 ± 14 years. Interventions: Back school and individual physiotherapy scheduled 15 1-hour-sessions for 3 weeks. Back school included: Group exercise, education/ ergonomics; individual physiotherapy: Exercise, passive mobilization and soft-tissue treatment. Spinal manipulation, given according to Manual Medicine, scheduled 4 to 6 20-sessions once-a-week. Outcome: Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (scoring 0-24) and Pain Rating Scale (scoring 0-6) were assessed at baseline, discharge 3, 6, and 12 months. Results: 205 patients completed the study. At discharge, disability score decreased by 3.7 ± 4.1 for back school, 4.4 ± 3.7 for individual physiotherapy, 6.7 ± 3.9 for manipulation; pain score reduction was 0.9 ± 1.1, 1.1 ± 1.0, 1.0 ± 1.1, respectively. At 12 months, disability score reduction was 4.2 ± 4.8 for back school, 4.0 ± 5.1 for individual physiotherapy, 5.9 ± 4.6 for manipulation; pain score reduction was 0.7 ± 1.2, 0.4 ± 1.3, and 1.5 ± 1.1, respectively. Spinal manipulation was associated with higher functional improvement and long-term pain relief than back school or individual physiotherapy, but received more further treatment at follow-ups (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-36
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Rehabilitation
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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