Spinal osteotomies to treat post-traumatic thoracolumbar deformity

R. Cecchinato, P. Berjano, M. Damilano, C. Lamartina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Fractures of the thoracolumbar junction can lead to regional kyphosis, this being a significant cause of pain and disability for the patients. After a traumatic fracture of the thoracolumbar spine, early or late regional kyphosis can be observed. This post-traumatic deformity can, however, be corrected with appropriate surgical methods. Posterior tricolumnar osteotomies are some of the most powerful methods of correction and are particularly indicated when sagittal and coronal deformities have to be simultaneously corrected or when anterior surgery is not possible. Anterior corpectomy and lengthening with posterior instrumentation are, however, an alternative technique to restore the anterior column support and to correct the regional kyphotic deformity and an option for appropriate sagittal balance restoration and control of symptoms. Proper surgical technique, evaluation of the bone quality and identification of eventual extension of the deformity to the thoracic spine are key aspects in prevention of failures.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology
Volume24
Issue numberSUPPL.1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Post-traumatic kyphosis
  • Thoracolumbar junction
  • Thoracolumbar kyphosis
  • Vertebral osteotomies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

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