Splenectomy as part of primary cytoreductive surgery for advanced ovarian cancer: A retrospective cohort study

Ignacio Zapardiel, Michele Peiretti, Vanna Zanagnolo, Roberto Biffi, Luca Bocciolone, Fabio Landoni, Giovanni Aletti, Nicoletta Colombo, Angelo Maggioni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The aim of surgical approach in advanced ovarian cancer should be the complete removal of all visible disease. Our purpose was to compare perioperative features and postoperative complications, and secondarily oncological outcomes, between patients who underwent splenectomy and those who did not at the time of surgery. Materials and Methods: Thirty-three subjects underwent splenectomy, and we selected 99 controls with similar surgical characteristics but who did not undergo splenectomy. Data collected included perioperative details and follow-up data. Results: Longer operating time (33 minutes longer; P = 0.02), larger estimated blood loss (812 mL more; P = 0.03), higher rate of intraoperative blood transfusions (78.8% vs 42.4%; P <0.01), and intensive care unit stay (1.4 vs 0.5 days; P <0.01) aswell as higher pneumonia rate (2% vs 0%; P = 0.01) were observed in the splenectomy group. Disease-free and overall survival rateswere 30.3% and 66.6%, respectively, in the splenectomy group, and 33.3% and 59.6%, respectively, in the control group. Conclusions: Splenectomy at the time of primary cytoreductive surgery for advanced ovarian cancer may contribute to achieve complete cytoreduction with low perioperative complication rate. This procedure seems to be an acceptable and rational intervention to increase the survival rates of those patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)968-973
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012


  • Ovarian cancer
  • Primary cytoreduction
  • Splenectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Oncology


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