Split-liver full-left full-right: Proposal for an operative protocol

F. Ferla, A. Lauterio, S. Di Sandro, I. Mangoni, C. Poli, G. Concone, C. Cusumano, A. Giacomoni, E. Andorno, L. De Carlis Luciano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction Worldwide, organ shortage is a major limiting factor to transplantations. One possible way to face graft scarcity is splitting full livers into hemilivers; this procedure would allow transplantation in 2 adult recipients with the use of a single organ from a deceased donor.

Objective The goal of this study was to describe an adult-to-adult split liver operative protocol and share it between centers interested in exploring this procedure.

Materials and Methods A literature review was first conducted to elaborate on the present protocol; second, selection criteria for suitable deceased donors were identified. The technical aspects of performing the procurement were also analyzed; finally, the recipient selection criteria and the transplantation criteria were determined.

Results The donor characteristics should be consistent with the following: age 55 years; weight 70 kg; body mass index 28 kg/m;bsupesup intensive care unit stay 7 days; sodium level 160 mEq/L if the intensive care unit stay is 2 days; maximum transaminase value 3 times normal; hemodynamic stability; negative for hepatitis B surface antigen, hepatitis C virus, and human immunodeficiency virus; macrosteatosis ;lt macroscopic adequacy; and absence of anatomic anomalies requiring complex reconstruction. The procurement hospital should provide the preoperative computed tomography scan, liver dissector, and the intraoperative ultrasound. Indication for in situ or ex situ splitting depends on the hepatic vein outflow anatomy. Graft-to-recipient weight ratio should be 1%, and the graft-to-recipient spleen size ratio should be 0.6. United Network for Organ Sharing status 1 and 2A recipients are excluded, as are patients with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts. Hemiliver transplants are performed as in living-donor liver transplantation, and portal hyperflow is corrected by splenic artery ligation, splenectomy, and portal infusion of vasoactive drugs.

Conclusions The present protocol was proposed to test the validity of the full-left full-right split liver procedure. A retrospective analysis found that 130 transplantations were suitable for this procedure according to the present protocol in the period January 1, 2008, through December 31, 2011 (65 donors). We believe that these numbers could be greatly increased once this procedure is proven feasible and safe within the proposed criteria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2279-2282
Number of pages4
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation
  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Split-liver full-left full-right: Proposal for an operative protocol'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this