Spontaneous occlusion of supraclinoid aneurysms after the creation of extra-intracranial bypasses using long grafts: Report of two cases

Giampaolo Cantore, Antonio Santoro, Renato Da Pian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We describe two cases of giant supraclinoid aneurysms, treated by means of saphenous vein grafting between the external carotid artery and the middle cerebral artery, which unexpectedly spontaneously occluded. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Two patients presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage and headache, respectively. In the first case, angiography showed an aneurysm of the right internal carotid artery (ICA), which had been treated by clipping. Repeat angiography showed a giant aneurysm of the right ICA, the formation of which was probably caused by sliding of the clip that had been applied during the previous operation. The patient was operated on again, but it was impossible to exclude the aneurysm because no clear neck could be identified. In the second case, magnetic resonance imaging and cerebral angiography showed a large, partially thrombosed aneurysm of the supraclinoid segment of the left ICA. TECHNIQUE: In view of the patients' ages and the statuses of compensatory circulation, each patient underwent cerebral revascularization with a long saphenous vein graft placed between one branch of the middle cerebral artery and the external carotid artery, in anticipation of subsequent endovascular treatment of the aneurysm and/or closure of the ICA in the neck. Postoperative angiography demonstrated spontaneous occlusion of the aneurysms. CONCLUSION: Thrombosis of an aneurysm may occur spontaneously or after explorative surgery. However, it should be remembered that spontaneous occlusion of an aneurysm may be induced or favored by hemodynamic vascular alterations that take place inside the aneurysm after a high-flow extra-intracranial bypass has been created.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)216-220
Number of pages5
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1999

Keywords

  • Angiography
  • Giant intracranial aneurysm
  • Internal carotid artery
  • Saphenous vein graft

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

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