Spontaneous participation in secondary prevention programs: The role of psychosocial predictors: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Disease prevention is a multifaceted construct that has been widely studied. Nevertheless, in spite of its importance, it is still not sufficiently considered by the general population. Since the reasons for this lack of consideration are not yet fully understood, we created an Online Prevention Survey (OPS) to investigate the role of both sociodemographic and psychological factors in predicting individuals’ spontaneous participation in secondary prevention programs. The results revealed that younger people, men, manual workers, unemployed people, and those who do not regularly practise physical activity were less likely to spontaneously participate in such programs. Furthermore, an analysis of the psychological determinants of the willingness to participate in secondary prevention programs showed that depressive symptoms negatively predict it, while an individual’s perception of receiving high social support acts as a positive predictor. Based on these results, we suggest the need for implementing new tailored approaches to promote prevention initiatives to those segments of the population which are more reluctant to spontaneously undertake prevention paths. © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalInt. J. Environ. Res. Public Health
Volume17
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Facebook sampling
  • Health psychology
  • Non-communicable diseases (NCDs)
  • Psychosocial predictors
  • Spontaneous participation in secondary prevention
  • disease control
  • health care
  • health survey
  • male
  • participatory approach
  • perception
  • physical activity
  • psychology
  • young population
  • adult
  • age
  • aged
  • Article
  • community participation
  • controlled study
  • demography
  • depression
  • female
  • health promotion
  • human
  • manual labor
  • prediction
  • secondary prevention
  • social psychology
  • social support
  • spontaneous participation
  • unemployment
  • exercise
  • middle aged
  • questionnaire
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Secondary Prevention
  • Social Support
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

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