Spontaneous platelet aggregation during pregnancy in a patient with von Willebrand disease type IIB can be blocked by monoclonal antibodies to both platelet glycoproteins Ib and IIb/IIIa

F. I. Pareti, A. B. Federici, M. Cattaneo, P. M. Mannucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Spontaneous platelet aggregation appeared in a patient with von Willebrand disease type IIB during the 37th week of pregnancy. This phenomenon was not associated with symptoms of thrombosis and the patient delivered by caesarian section with no complications. Her platelet-poor plasma (PPP) aggregated normal platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and washed platelets. Aggregation was inhibited by mono-clonal antibodies with known specificity for the platelet receptors of von Willebrand factor (vWF), i.e. the glycoprotein Ib (GPIb) and the GPIIb/IIIa complex. A monoclonal antibody, which selectively inhibits the binding of vWF to the GPIIb/IIIa complex, did not block aggregation, suggesting that spontaneous aggregation is not dependent on the binding to GPIIb/IIIa of vWF from patient plasma. Aggregation induced by patient plasma could also be blocked either by two monoclonal antibodies raised against vWF or by a fragment derived from trypsin digestion of normal vWF which blocks the ristocetin-induced binding of normal vWF to platelets. These findings indicate that the spontaneous platelet aggregation in this patient result from the binding of her vWF to GPIb but is independent from the binding of her vWF to GPIIb/IIIa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-91
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
Volume75
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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