Sporadic and familial glut1ds Italian patients: A wide clinical variability

Valentina De bGiorgis, Federica Teutonico, Cristina Cereda, Umberto Balottin, Marika Bianchi, Lucio Giordano, Sara Olivotto, Francesca Ragona, Anna Tagliabue, Giovanna Zorzi, Nardo Nardocci, Pierangelo Veggiotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: GLUT1 deficiency syndrome is a treatable neurological disorder characterized by developmen- tal delay, movement disorders and epilepsy. It is caused by mutations in the SLC2A1 gene inherited as an autosomal dominant trait with complete penetrance, even if most detected SCL2A1 mutations are de novo. Our aim is to present a wide series of Italian patients to highlight the differences among subjects with de novo mutations and those with familial transmission. Methods: We present clinical and genetic features in a series of 22 GLUT1DS Italian patients. Our patients were classified in two different groups: familial cases including GLUT1DS patients with genetically confirmed affected relatives and sporadic cases with detection of SLC2A1 de novo mutation. Results: We found remarkable differences in the severity of the clinical picture regarding the type of genetic inheritance (sporadic versus familial): sporadic patients were characterized by an earlier epilepsy-onset and higher degree of intellectual disability. No significant differences were found in terms of type of movement disorder, whilst Paroxysmal Exertion-induced Dyskinesia (PED) is confirmed to be the most characteristic movement disorder type in GLUT1DS. In familial cases the clinical manifestation of the disease was particularly variable and heterogeneous, also including asymptomatic patients or those with minimal-symptoms. Conclusion: The finding of a "mild" phenotype in familial GLUT1DS gives rise to several questions: the real incidence of the disease, treatment option with ketogenic diet in adult patients and genetic counseling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-32
Number of pages5
Issue numberC
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Cognitive impairment
  • Epilepsy
  • GLUT1 deficiency syndrome
  • Ketogenic diet
  • Paroxysmal exercise-induced dyskinesia
  • SLC2A1 gene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Medicine(all)


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