Spray Dried Chitosan Microparticles for Intravesical Delivery of Celecoxib: Preparation and Characterization

Angela Lopedota, Annalisa Cutrignelli, Valentino Laquintana, Nunzio Denora, Rosa Maria Iacobazzi, Mara Perrone, Elisabetta Fanizza, Maria Mastrodonato, Donatella Mentino, Antonio Lopalco, Nicoletta Depalo, Massimo Franco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Chitosan microparticles containing celecoxib (CB), were developed as chemoprevention of bladder cancer. Furthermore two inclusion complexes of CB with methyl-β-cyclodextrin (C1 and C2) were prepared to improve the solubility of the drug. Methods: C1 and C2 were obtained by freeze-drying and characterized in the solid state and in solution. Microparticles loaded with CB or C1 or C2 were prepared by spray drying and fully characterized. Results: The yield and encapsulation efficiencies of microparticles depended by both the viscosity and the presence of the inclusion complex in the feed medium nebulised. Generally, the microparticles exhibited a spherical shape with mean diameter of approximately 2 μm which was compatible with local intravesical administration using a catheter. The CB release studies from the microparticles allowed us to identify both immediate release systems (microparticles including the complexes) and prolonged release systems (microparticles including CB alone). The latter exhibited good adhesion to the bladder mucosa, as highlighted by a mucoadhesion study. Histological studies revealed a desquamation of the superficial cells when the bladder mucosa was treated with microparticles loaded with CB, while the morphology of the urothelium did not change when it was treated with microparticles loaded with the inclusion complex. Conclusion: A new CB intravesical formulation than can easily be administered with a catheter and is able to release the drug at the target site for several hours was realized. This new delivery system could be a good alternative to classic oral CB administration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalPharmaceutical Research
Publication statusAccepted/In press - May 31 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Biotechnology
  • Pharmacology


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