Stability of the association between birth weight and childhood overweight during the development of the obesity epidemic

Susi Rugholm, Jennifer L. Baker, Lina W. Olsen, Lene Schack-Nielsen, Jenny Bua, Thorkild I A Sørensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To assess whether changes in the birth weight distribution or changes in the association of birth weight with the later risk of childhood overweight have contributed to the development of the obesity epidemic. Research Methods and Procedures: A Danish population-based cohort study of 124,615 girls and 128,346 boys (ages 6 to 13 years), born between 1936 and 1983, were studied. Birth weight and annual measurements of height and weight were obtained from school health records. Overweight was defined by BMI in relation to internationally accepted criteria. The relative risk of being overweight by birth weight was calculated separately for each age, sex, and time period. Results: The birth weight distribution remained relatively stable over time. Compared with children with a birth weight of 3.0 to 3.5 kg, the risk of overweight increased consistently with each increase in birth weight category among girls and boys and at all ages between 6 and 13 years. Furthermore, the association between birth weight and increased risk of overweight in childhood remained stable across a 48-year period. Discussion: The increase in the prevalence of overweight could not be explained by time trends in the distribution of birth weight or by changes in the association between birth weight and the later risk of overweight over time. This implies that, unless the prenatal environment influences the later risk of overweight without increasing birth weight, the environmental influences contributing to the obesity epidemic in children of school age operate in the early postnatal period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2187-2194
Number of pages8
JournalObesity Research
Volume13
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Fingerprint

childhood obesity
Birth Weight
birth weight
obesity
Obesity
School Health Services
school children
postpartum period
relative risk
research methods
cohort studies
Cohort Studies
Weights and Measures

Keywords

  • BMI
  • Children
  • Overweight
  • Secular trends

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Endocrinology
  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Rugholm, S., Baker, J. L., Olsen, L. W., Schack-Nielsen, L., Bua, J., & Sørensen, T. I. A. (2005). Stability of the association between birth weight and childhood overweight during the development of the obesity epidemic. Obesity Research, 13(12), 2187-2194.

Stability of the association between birth weight and childhood overweight during the development of the obesity epidemic. / Rugholm, Susi; Baker, Jennifer L.; Olsen, Lina W.; Schack-Nielsen, Lene; Bua, Jenny; Sørensen, Thorkild I A.

In: Obesity Research, Vol. 13, No. 12, 2005, p. 2187-2194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rugholm, S, Baker, JL, Olsen, LW, Schack-Nielsen, L, Bua, J & Sørensen, TIA 2005, 'Stability of the association between birth weight and childhood overweight during the development of the obesity epidemic', Obesity Research, vol. 13, no. 12, pp. 2187-2194.
Rugholm, Susi ; Baker, Jennifer L. ; Olsen, Lina W. ; Schack-Nielsen, Lene ; Bua, Jenny ; Sørensen, Thorkild I A. / Stability of the association between birth weight and childhood overweight during the development of the obesity epidemic. In: Obesity Research. 2005 ; Vol. 13, No. 12. pp. 2187-2194.
@article{ce0ec3fbc4b94349bef940090a98fa56,
title = "Stability of the association between birth weight and childhood overweight during the development of the obesity epidemic",
abstract = "Objective: To assess whether changes in the birth weight distribution or changes in the association of birth weight with the later risk of childhood overweight have contributed to the development of the obesity epidemic. Research Methods and Procedures: A Danish population-based cohort study of 124,615 girls and 128,346 boys (ages 6 to 13 years), born between 1936 and 1983, were studied. Birth weight and annual measurements of height and weight were obtained from school health records. Overweight was defined by BMI in relation to internationally accepted criteria. The relative risk of being overweight by birth weight was calculated separately for each age, sex, and time period. Results: The birth weight distribution remained relatively stable over time. Compared with children with a birth weight of 3.0 to 3.5 kg, the risk of overweight increased consistently with each increase in birth weight category among girls and boys and at all ages between 6 and 13 years. Furthermore, the association between birth weight and increased risk of overweight in childhood remained stable across a 48-year period. Discussion: The increase in the prevalence of overweight could not be explained by time trends in the distribution of birth weight or by changes in the association between birth weight and the later risk of overweight over time. This implies that, unless the prenatal environment influences the later risk of overweight without increasing birth weight, the environmental influences contributing to the obesity epidemic in children of school age operate in the early postnatal period.",
keywords = "BMI, Children, Overweight, Secular trends",
author = "Susi Rugholm and Baker, {Jennifer L.} and Olsen, {Lina W.} and Lene Schack-Nielsen and Jenny Bua and S{\o}rensen, {Thorkild I A}",
year = "2005",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "2187--2194",
journal = "Obesity Research",
issn = "1071-7323",
publisher = "North American Association for the Study of Obesity",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stability of the association between birth weight and childhood overweight during the development of the obesity epidemic

AU - Rugholm, Susi

AU - Baker, Jennifer L.

AU - Olsen, Lina W.

AU - Schack-Nielsen, Lene

AU - Bua, Jenny

AU - Sørensen, Thorkild I A

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - Objective: To assess whether changes in the birth weight distribution or changes in the association of birth weight with the later risk of childhood overweight have contributed to the development of the obesity epidemic. Research Methods and Procedures: A Danish population-based cohort study of 124,615 girls and 128,346 boys (ages 6 to 13 years), born between 1936 and 1983, were studied. Birth weight and annual measurements of height and weight were obtained from school health records. Overweight was defined by BMI in relation to internationally accepted criteria. The relative risk of being overweight by birth weight was calculated separately for each age, sex, and time period. Results: The birth weight distribution remained relatively stable over time. Compared with children with a birth weight of 3.0 to 3.5 kg, the risk of overweight increased consistently with each increase in birth weight category among girls and boys and at all ages between 6 and 13 years. Furthermore, the association between birth weight and increased risk of overweight in childhood remained stable across a 48-year period. Discussion: The increase in the prevalence of overweight could not be explained by time trends in the distribution of birth weight or by changes in the association between birth weight and the later risk of overweight over time. This implies that, unless the prenatal environment influences the later risk of overweight without increasing birth weight, the environmental influences contributing to the obesity epidemic in children of school age operate in the early postnatal period.

AB - Objective: To assess whether changes in the birth weight distribution or changes in the association of birth weight with the later risk of childhood overweight have contributed to the development of the obesity epidemic. Research Methods and Procedures: A Danish population-based cohort study of 124,615 girls and 128,346 boys (ages 6 to 13 years), born between 1936 and 1983, were studied. Birth weight and annual measurements of height and weight were obtained from school health records. Overweight was defined by BMI in relation to internationally accepted criteria. The relative risk of being overweight by birth weight was calculated separately for each age, sex, and time period. Results: The birth weight distribution remained relatively stable over time. Compared with children with a birth weight of 3.0 to 3.5 kg, the risk of overweight increased consistently with each increase in birth weight category among girls and boys and at all ages between 6 and 13 years. Furthermore, the association between birth weight and increased risk of overweight in childhood remained stable across a 48-year period. Discussion: The increase in the prevalence of overweight could not be explained by time trends in the distribution of birth weight or by changes in the association between birth weight and the later risk of overweight over time. This implies that, unless the prenatal environment influences the later risk of overweight without increasing birth weight, the environmental influences contributing to the obesity epidemic in children of school age operate in the early postnatal period.

KW - BMI

KW - Children

KW - Overweight

KW - Secular trends

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33645046147&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33645046147&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 2187

EP - 2194

JO - Obesity Research

JF - Obesity Research

SN - 1071-7323

IS - 12

ER -