Background: Transthyretin amyloidosis cardiomyopathy (ATTR-CM) is an underappreciated cause of heart failure that results from misfolded TTR (prealbumin) protein. Diflunisal is an approved non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that stabilizes TTR, with limited data available regarding effects on cardiac structure and function. Methods and Results: ATTR-CM patients (n=81, 41% treated with 250 mg twice-daily diflunisal by clinical practice) were retrospectively identified with baseline and follow-up (median interval 1 year) serum biomarker and echocardiographic data compared, including global longitudinal strain (GLS). Chi-squared and Wilcoxon tests assessed differences between subjects, divided by treatment group, and univariable and multivariable linear regression was performed. At baseline, patients treated with diflunisal were younger (68 vs 77 years, P = .0001), with lower B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP; 249 vs 545 pg/mL, P = .009) and serum creatinine (1.1 vs 1.2 mg/dL, P = .04), but similar TTR concentration (P = .31), cardiac troponin I (P = .06), and GLS (P = .67). At follow-up, diflunisal untreated versus treated patients showed differences in TTR concentration (19 vs 33 mg/dL, P = .01) and favorable differences in left atrial volume index (+4.6 vs −1.4 mL/m2, P = .002) and cardiac troponin I (+0.03 vs −0.01 ng/mL, P = .01) for the entire cohort. Among the subset with wild-type ATTR (n=53), diflunisal treatment was associated with differences in GLS (+1.2% untreated vs +0.1% treated, P = .03). Changes in wall thickness (P = .2), left ventricular ejection fraction (P = .71), and BNP (P = .42) were similar between groups. Conclusions: In ATTR-CM, diflunisal treatment resulted in measurable differences in some parameters of cardiac structure and function after only 1 year of administration. Further longer-term analysis is warranted.
- cardiac amyloidosis
- Ventricular strain
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine