Stable clones of NIH 3T3 fibroblasts transfected with the cDNA of either the wild-type or deletion forms of the rat type I (or cerebellar) inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor (IP3R) were investigated. The Δ form, missing the NH2-terminal sequence that includes the IP3-binding site, is expected to be still assembled with wild-type subunits to yield a tetrameric Ca2+ channel across the endoplasmic reticulum membrane; the s form, missing the membrane-spanning sequences, is expected to remain as a soluble monomer in the cytosol. With respect to control clones transfected with the vector only, the synthesis of IP3Rs was markedly stimulated in the receptor- transfected clones. The mass accumulation, however, was increased only moderately (deletion forms = 15-30% of the endogenous IP3R), apparently because of a compensatory increase in receptor turnover. Coordinate changes in IP3 generation and Ca2+ release were revealed in the Δ clones by experiments in both intact and permeabilized cells. In these clones, the IP3R was more sensitive to IP3, and IP3 generation at the ATP P(2u) surface receptor was decreased. This latter effect was due neither to a defect in G protein coupling nor to changes in phospholipase C expression, but to down-regulation of the P(2u) receptor. In the cells expressing the s- and Δ-IP3R subunits, no differences with respect to the controls were observed in epidermal growth factor-induced DNA synthesis, whereas long-term growth stimulated by serum was reduced. Even more marked, especially in the Δ clones (-90%), was the inhibition of cell transformation induced by autocrine stimulation with transforming growth factor α of the overexpressed epidermal growth factor receptors or by other growth factor receptors and oncogenes (platelet-derived growth factor/platelet-derived growth factor receptor β, HER2/neu, and v-erbB). These effects appear not to be connected to the signaling processes mediated by tyrosine phosphorylation since the latter was unchanged in the Δ clones. These results demonstrate for the first time (a) that the changes in cellular homeostasis directly induced by deleted IP3R subunits (increased receptor synthesis and increased IP3R sensitivity) are largely compensated by indirect coordinate changes apparently aimed to keep near normal the signaling properties of the cells; (b) that modulation of intracellular Ca2+ channels induces profound consequences that differentially affect growth and oncogenesis; and (c) that IP3Rs and the Ca2+ stores are important cross-roads of intracellular signaling pathways.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|
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