Staging, therapy and prognosis of primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of bone and a comparison of results with localized Ewing's sarcoma: Ten years experience at the Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli

G. Bacci, N. Jaffe, E. Emiliani, R. Capanna, P. Calderoni, P. Picci, F. Bertoni, F. Gherlinzoni, M. Campanacci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Thirty consecutive cases of localized primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of bone (PNHLB) were treated in a 10-year period at the Instituto Ortopedico Rizzoli with localized radiation (4 cases) and localized radiation and adjuvant chemotherapy (26 cases). The doses of radiation varied from 3000-4500 rad. A variety of staging procedures evolving with new diagnostic techniques over the 10 years were performed. Adjuvant chemotherapy comprised two different regimens of vincristine and cyclophosphamide. Twenty-four of the 26 patients (92%) have been free of disease with a median follow-up of 75.5 months (18-144 months). Two patients developed meningeal involvement and one patient, treated with radiation therapy only, developed a local recurrence. The results are compared to the management of 68 Ewing's sarcoma patients treated during the same period. Here, higher doses of localized radiation therapy (approximately 5000 rad) and similar adjuvant chemotherapy were administered. The survival was 32% (22/68) with a higher incidence of local recurrence (21%). These data indicate that PNHLB should be considered a separate entity from Ewing's sarcoma and can be treated successfully with lower doses of radiation to the primary tumor and adjuvant chemotherapy. The observations are also compared to a variety of other biological characteristics of Ewing's sarcoma. Since only two patients developed meningeal relapse, our experience does not permit a firm recommendation for routine prophylactic treatment of the central nervous system in PNHLB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-354
Number of pages10
JournalTumori
Volume71
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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