Our aim was to evaluate the Standard Deviation of Normal-Normal (SDNN) interbeat interval as a risk marker in left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) patients through a meta-analysis. We searched PubMed for studies that evaluated SDNN as a predictor of all-cause-death, cardiac death, transplantation, and progressive clinical deterioration using a search strategy validated for MEDLINE. Mean values and SD for SDNN in sixteen studies included were 115 ± 48 ms in survivors versus 87 ± 40 ms in non-survivors, resulting in a statistically significant standardized mean difference (0.594, 95%CI 0.385 to 0.803). In conclusion, SDNN may be a useful prognostic marker in LVSD. Additional studies must evaluate if SDNN may be used to subsidize therapeutic decisions.
- Heart failure
- Heart rate variability
- Ventricular Dysfunction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine