Standardized AgNOR analysis as a prognostic parameter in endometrial carcinoma, endometrioid type

G. Giuffrè, E. Fulcheri, M. Gualco, F. Fedele, G. Tuccari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate interobserver reproducibility of histologic grade in endometrial adenocarcinomas of endometrioid type (EC), to assess the relationships between nuclear grade and the amount of argyrophilic nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR) proteins and to determine the prognostic value of AgNOR proteins and the main clinicopathologic parameters. STUDY DESIGN: Architectural and nuclear grading were independently assessed by two pathologists in 64 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded surgical samples of EC obtained from an equal number of patients (age range, 38-84 years; mean, 63.5). Interobserver agreement was determined using the κ statistic; discrepant cases were reviewed, and a consensus was reached. Standardized AgNOR analysis was performed according to the guidelines of the Committee on AgNOR Quantification, measuring the mean area of AgNORs per nucleus (NORA) by an image analysis system. RESULTS: The κ values for interobserver agreement were substantial for architectural grading and moderate for nuclear grading. When NORA values were compared to the nuclear grade assessed by different observers, the most significant linear correlation (r = .713, P 4.212 μm2), while, by Cox multivariate analysis, AgNOR quantity emerged as an independent prognostic variable. CONCLUSION: Use of standardized AgNOR analysis may be an additional and objective tool in the assessment of histologic grade as well as a reliable method of determining prognosis in EC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-40
Number of pages10
JournalAnalytical and Quantitative Cytology and Histology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • Endometrial neoplasms
  • Nucleolus organizer region
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology
  • Cell Biology


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