Stapled anopexy versus transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization for hemorrhoidal disease: A three-year follow-up from a randomized study

Marco Venturi, Giovanni Salamina, Contardo Vergani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This randomized study compared the medium-term results of stapled anopexy (SA) and transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization with anopexy (THD) in 4 homogeneous groups of patients, 2 with third- and 2 with fourth-degree hemorrhoids. METHODS: Forty patients with third-degree and 30 with fourth-degree hemorrhoids were randomly submitted to SA (N.=20+15) and THD (N.=20+15), respectively. Clinical controls were done every 6 months from 1 to 42 months after the operation, with incidence of recurrent hemorrhoids as primary outcome measure. Operative time, complications, pain, time to return to normal activity, costs, Short Form-36, and overall patient satisfaction were also evaluated. RESULTS: Frequencies of preoperative obstructed defecation symptoms and prolapse recurrence were higher in patients with fourth-degree hemorrhoids, and SA was more effective than THD in reducing the risk of recurrence at 36±6 months follow-up (P=0.049). Operative time, complications, pain, and time of return to normal activity were similar in the 4 groups. Costs were significantly higher for SA in patients with fourth-degree hemorrhoids (P>0.01). A significant improvement of quality of life was observed in all groups, and no significant difference was found in overall patient satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: Both techniques are safe and effective in the mid-term period. SA is more effective in reducing prolapse and obstructed defecation symptoms in fourth-degree hemorrhoids, with the disadvantage of higher costs. Prolapse size and presence of obstructed defecation symptoms could be predictive criteria for choice of the best surgical technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-371
Number of pages7
JournalMinerva Chirurgica
Volume71
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • Hemorrhoids
  • Rectal prolapse
  • Sutures
  • Transanal endoscopic surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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