Stapled restorative proctocolectomy in children with refractory ulcerative colitis

Girolamo Mattioli, Marco Castagnetti, Paolo Gandullia, Franco Torrente, Vincenzo Jasonni, Arrigo V. Barabino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to review the results after stapled restorative proctocolectomy among children with refractory ulcerative colitis. Patients and Methods: Clinical records of 16 consecutive children with refractory ulcerative pancolitis undergoing colectomy and stapled straight ileoanal anastomosis at a median age of 8.3 years (range, 3.1-14.9 years) were reviewed. Periodical clinical examinations and endoscopies with biopsies above (terminal ileum) and below (columnar cuff) the anastomosis were carried out during follow-up. Median follow-up after bowel restoration lasted 5.3 years (range, 1.2-9.6 years). Results: Two major complications occurred (12.5%), 1 episode of sepsis treated conservatively and 1 bowel perforation proximal to the anastomosis treated with a temporary diverting ileostomy. All the anastomoses were functional at the end of the study. The columnar cuff averaged 2.6 cm in length and presented signs of persistent inflammation (cuffitis) in 94% of children. Inflammation responded poorly to any medical treatment but was symptomatic in 1 case only. Ileal inflammation was detected endoscopically in 31% of patients and histologically in 62.5%. No case of dysplasia or cancer was recorded. At final follow-up, children had an average of 7.1 ± 3.1 bowel movements per day; full daytime and nighttime continence were achieved in 87.5% and 62.5% of cases, respectively. A severe inflammation of the columnar cuff was associated with an increased risk of nighttime incontinence. Conclusions: Stapled ileoanal anastomosis in children with pancolitis is associated with low morbidity. Refractory cuffitis persists in almost all patients but is mostly asymptomatic, although it could be associated with nighttime incontinence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1773-1779
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume40
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2005

Keywords

  • Children
  • IBD
  • Ileoanal anastomosis
  • Restorative proctocolectomy
  • Stapler
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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