State of the art of cardiac surgery in patients with congenital heart disease

Lucio Zannini, Italo Borini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


During the last 20 years, pediatric cardiac surgery has been characterized by important changes, with reductions in surgical mortality and the achievement of complete repair at an earlier age, thus avoiding multiple procedures and strongly ameliorating the global outcome of these patients. In this review, we describe the actual trends in the surgical treatment of cardiac malformations. We analyze two groups of patients: in the first group (septal defects, tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of the great arteries, aortic stenosis and coarctation) the indications are well established and the goal is represented by a lessening of the surgical trauma and post-operative morbidity, with stable results in the follow-up. In the second group (univentricular heart, pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum, double discordance, conduit, hypoplastic left heart syndrome), the lesions are still considered complex and submitted to ongoing experimental and clinical research, in order to improve the post-surgical history of these diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-6
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007


  • Congenital heart disease
  • Pediatric cardiac surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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