Statins in adult patients with HIV

Leonardo Roever, Elmiro Santos Resende, Angélica Lemos Debs Diniz, Nilson Penha-Silva, João Lucas O'Connell, Paulo Fernando Silva Gomes, Hugo Ribeiro Zanetti, Anaisa Silva Roerver-Borges, Fernando César Veloso, Thiago Montes Fidale, Antonio Casella-Filho, Paulo Magno Martins Dourado, Antonio Carlos Palandri Chagas, Sadeq Ali-Hasan-Al-Saegh, Paulo Eduardo Ocke Reis, Rogério De Melo Pinto, Gustavo B.F. Oliveira, Álvaro Avezum, Mansueto Neto, André DurãesRose Mary Ferreira Lisboa Da Silva, Antonio José Grande, Celise Denardi, Renato Delascio Lopes, Nitesh Nerlekar, Shahab Alizadeh, Adrian V. Hernandez, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Background: Patients with HIV have been found to suffer from lipid abnormalities, including elevated levels of total and LDLcholesterol as well as triglyceride levels. Abnormal lipid levels are associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, which are significant causes of mortality among the general population. Therefore, the objective of the current study is to conduct a systematic review with network meta-analysis to compare the effects of statins classes on HIV patients. Methods: Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and observational studies published in English up to 31 December 2017, and which include direct and/or indirect evidence, will be included. Studies will be retrieved by searching four electronic databases and crossreferencing. Dual selection and abstraction of data will occur. The primary outcome will all-cause mortality, new event of acute myocardial infarction, stroke (hemorrhagic and ischemic), hospitalization for acute coronary syndrome and urgent revascularization procedures and cardiovascular mortality. Secondary outcomes will be assessment of the differences in change of total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C), apolipoprotein B (ApoB), high density lipoprotein (HDL-C). Risk of bias will be assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias assessment instrument for RCTs and the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology instrument for observational studies. Network meta-analysis will be performed using multivariate random-effects meta-regression models. The surface under the cumulative ranking curve will be used to provide a hierarchy of statins that reduce cardiovascular mortality in HIV patients. A revised version of the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool (RoB 2.0) will be used to assess the risk of bias in eligible RCTs. Results will be synthesized and analyzed using network meta-analysis (NMA). Overall strength of the evidence and publication bias will be evaluated. Subgroup and sensitivity analysis will also be performed. ResultsandConclusion: Ethics approval was not required for this study because it was based on published studies. The results and findings of this study will be submitted and published in a scientific peer-reviewed journal. The evidence will determine which combination of interventions are most promising for current practice and further investigation. Trial registration number: PROSPERO (CRD42017072996). Abbreviations: AMI = acute myocardial infarction, ART = antiretroviral therapy, CIs = confidence intervals, CV cardiovascular, HDL = high-density lipoprotein, HIV = human immunodeficiency virus, LDL = low-density lipoprotein, MD = mean difference, RCT = randomized clinical trials, RR = risk ratio, WC = waist circumference.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0116
JournalMedicine (United States)
Volume97
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2018

Keywords

  • HIV
  • Network meta-analysis
  • Statins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Roever, L., Resende, E. S., Diniz, A. L. D., Penha-Silva, N., O'Connell, J. L., Gomes, P. F. S., Zanetti, H. R., Roerver-Borges, A. S., Veloso, F. C., Fidale, T. M., Casella-Filho, A., Dourado, P. M. M., Chagas, A. C. P., Ali-Hasan-Al-Saegh, S., Reis, P. E. O., De Melo Pinto, R., Oliveira, G. B. F., Avezum, Á., Neto, M., ... Biondi-Zoccai, G. (2018). Statins in adult patients with HIV. Medicine (United States), 97(15), [e0116]. https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000010116