Statin therapy prevents the first occurrence and recurrence of coronary events and reduces cardiovascular and general mortality in patients with coronary artery disease. These compounds modulate a variety of processes involved in the pathophysiology of arteriosclerosis and vascular graft disease by lipid-dependent and lipid-independent (pleiotropic) mechanisms. As a result, statins produce angiographic and clinical benefits in patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery. We review the present knowledge about the effects of statins on this pathologic condition and the evidence supporting an early treatment initiation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine